Posts Tagged ‘John T. Pless’

Aramaic was the language spoken at the time of Christ.

Intro:  On Wednesday March 12, we began at the Mission a 6 week Bible Class, The 6 Building Blocks, a review of each of the 6 Chief Parts of The Small Catechism by Dr. Martin Luther.  Below is the outline  of the third session.-Pr. Schroeder

The Lord’s Prayer

or the Pater Noster or the “Our Father”

Let us pray…

 O God,  the giver of all that is good, by Your holy inspiration grant that we may think those things that are right and by Your merciful guiding accomplish them; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit,one God, now and forever. Amen.


“We have heard what we are to do (10 Commandments) and believe (The Apostles’ Creed). The best and most  blessed life consists of these things. Now follows the third part, how we are to pray. Mankind is in such a situation that no one can keep the Ten Commandments perfectly, even though he has begun to believe. Besides, the devil, along with the world and our flesh, resists our efforts with all his power. Consequently nothing is so necessary as to call upon God incessantly and drum into his ears our prayer that he may give, preserve, and increase in us faith and obedience to the Ten Commandments and remove all that stands in our way and hinders us from fulfilling them. That we may know what and how to pray,  our Lord Christ himself has taught us both the way and the words, as we shall see.” (The Large Catechism, introduction to The Lord’s Prayer)

 1)      General Introduction:  Lord’s Prayer recorded twice, one longer, the other shorter:

  1. St. Matthew 6: 9-13
  2. St. Luke 11: 1-4
  3. Only KJV translation still in constant use
  4. Key:  both times Jesus teaches prayer

 2)      Two Reasons for Prayer,

            First Reason: The Lord commands, teaches and inspires prayer

  1. Commands:  see 2nd Commandment and it’s meaning: You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God. What does this mean? We should fear and love God so that we do not curse, swear, use satanic arts, lie, or deceive by His name, but call upon it in every trouble, pray, praise, and give thanks. 
  2. Teaches: i.e. the Lord’s Prayer
  1. The Psalter: the first Prayer book, the one most needed
  2. All the Prayers in the Bible
  3. Church’s prayers which are in accord with the Bible and the Confessions

           c. Inspires:  see Romans 8: 26-27, also verse 34

            Second Reason:  Human need and weakness, The Large Catechism,            Luther’s  Introduction to The Lord’s Prayer: 

“But where there is to be a true prayer, there must be earnestness. Men must feel their distress, and such distress as presses them and compels them to call and cry out; then prayer will be made spontaneously, as it ought to be, and men will require no teaching how to prepare for it and to attain to the proper devotion. But the distress which ought to concern us most, both as regards ourselves and every one, you will find abundantly set forth in the Lord’s Prayer. Therefore it is to serve also to remind us of the same, that we contemplate it and lay it to heart, lest we become remiss in prayer. For we all have enough that we lack, but the great want is that we do not feel nor see it. Therefore God also requires that you lament and plead such necessities and wants, not because He does not know them, but that you may kindle your heart to stronger and greater desires, and make wide and open your cloak to receive much.” (The Law of God will show us our need!)

 3)      Lord’s Prayer in Detail: Petitions’ Verbs in the Imperative

  1. Introduction:  The Creed, the Name to be Prayed, Praying in God’s Name;  Our Father because of the Son in the Holy Spirit
  1. Pray and read explanation
  2. “We do not know what prayers God will answer”:  Respond;  See John 16: 23;  Luke 11: 1-13; Romans 8: 14-17, Psalm 51: 15; Galatians 3: 26-19; Ephesians 3: 12
    1. 1st Petition:  see Luke 18: 9-14

                  1.  Pray and read explanation

                  2.  contrast Pharisee and tax collector

  1. 2nd Petition: see  Mark 1: 14-15;  Psalm 103: 19;  John 3: 5;  2 Timothy 4: 18;  John 18: 36 J(contra millennialism/in the world not of the world); Luke 12: 32

                  1.  Pray and read explanation

                  2.  God’s Kingdom comes in two ways:  here and eternity

                  3.   Across borders:  See John 4: Samaritan woman

  1. 3rd Petition:  See Ephesians 1: 9-10

                                                            1.  Pray and read explanation

                                                            2.  Flows out 2nd Petition, faithless don’t know                                                               God’s will,    by His grace we do:  see 1                                                                              Timothy 2: 4

                                                            3.  Praying against our will/bearing the cross

                                          e. 4th Petition:  See Exodus 16: 17-21;  Matthew 6: 24-                                                        34

                                                            1.  Pray and read explanation

                                                            2.  Praying for our daily bread and all that                                                                                 entails

                                           f. 5th Petition:  See  Psalm 19: 12;  Ephesians 4: 32;                                                         Matthew 18: 21- 35

                                                            1.  Pray and read explanation

                                                            2.  Next week:  Confession and Absolution

                                          g. 6th Petition:  See Genesis 3: 1-7; James 1: 12-16;                                                             Matthew 4: 1-11;   1 Corinthians 10: 12-13

                                                            1.  Pray and read explanation

                  2.  “Temptation’s target is always the First                                                                             Commandment”, directing us away from God’s Word to                                            our selves

h. 7th Petition:  See Psalm 50: 15;  Colossians 1: 11-14

                  1.  Pray and read explanation

                  2.  “evil” or “evil one”:  “let me hide myself in Thee”

  1. Conclusion:  See 2 Corinthians 1: 10

                  1.  Pray and read explanation

                  2. “Amen” means “truth.” To pray in Jesus’ name is to pray with the assurance that God hears our prayers and answers them. “Amen” is the great word of faith, for with this word we commend our prayers to God, not on the basis of our own righteousness but solely on the basis of the righteousness of Him who is the “yes” and “amen” to all of the Father’s promises.” (John T.Pless, The Didache


Pray the Lord’s Prayer



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