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The chapel on the top has ‘paintings’ by famous artist Mark Rothko. Yes, black paintings. Mark Rothko (1903-1970) was an abstract artist who was commissioned by Houston art collectors John and Dominique de Menil to create a “meditative space” employing his paintings.  The Rothko Chapel was completed in 1971, a year after the artist committed suicide. Gene Edward Veith wrote a good reflection on this ‘chapel’: The Chapel of Contemporary Spirituality

The Chapel on the bottom is at the International Center of The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, St. Louis, MO and obviously filled with light and color and the Word of God and the Sacraments.

In the Rothko Chapel, one contemplates eternal death for all the unrepentant…and it is a reflection of our Godless time. The Lord’s will in Christ Jesus is to save us from this ‘chapel’.

In the second Chapel, and in all the Church, one contemplates eternal life in Jesus Christ for all the saints. The Lord’s love is for all to enter this kind of chapel, His Church.

Maybe the Rothko Chapel has one function: it shows us what life without the Lord is like.

Collect for Those Outside the Church

Almighty and everlasting God, You desire not the death of a sinner but that all would repent and live. Hear our prayers for those outside the Church. take away their iniquity, and turn them form their false gods to You, the living and true God. Gather them into your holy Church to the glory of Your Name; through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.

Collect for All Saints Day

Almighty and everlasting God, You knit together Your faithful people of all times and places into one holy communion, the mystical body of Your Son, Jesus Christ. Grant us so to follow Your blessed saints in all virtuous and godly living that, together with them, we may come to the unspeakable joys You have prepared for those who love You; through Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.

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“Whether Christians have found themselves in the loneliness of a Siberian prison camp or the isolation of the diaspora or suffering inner alienation within the great secularized “churches” of our century, it has become ever more the consolation of those who have suffered for the sake of the church and whom God has led on a “lonely path” to know that they are not alone in the one church of God.”-Rev. Prof. Hermann Sasse

Concordia and Koinonia

You Are a Member of the Communion of Saints - The Bishop's Bulletin

Prayer of the Day: Almighty and everlasting God, You knit together Your faithful people of all times and places into one holy communion, the mystical body of Your Son, Jesus Christ. Grant us so to follow Your blessed saints in all virtuous and godly living that, together with them, we may come to the unspeakable joys You have prepared for those who love You; through Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.

All Saints’ Day: This feast is the most comprehensive of the days of commemoration, encompassing the entire scope of that great cloud of witnesses with which we are surrounded (Hebrews 12:1). It holds before the eyes of faith that great multitude which no man can number: all the saints of God in Christ—from every nation, race, culture, and language—who have come “out of the great…

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My dear wife Natalie was the Organist at Concordia Lutheran for twelve years. I had never looked at her music stand and after she died, I happened to look at it. I was more than pleasantly surprised to see the quote she wrote on it. It brought me to tears on a couple of levels. A good reminder for all musicians…but also for so many aspects of our lives, which are God-given that we need to remember that our vocations and avocations are likewise, “…servant to the Word”. Pastor Schroeder

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“Why must it be the name ‘Lutheran’ that you use?” We answer: We know well that the real substance is not in the name for there are many who call themselves Lutheran who have given up the doctrine long ago, who have laid aside our church in her symbols, especially in the unaltered Augsburg Confession and the small Catechism of Luther. Such false Lutherans are however easy to distinguish from the true Lutherans because our church has published these public confessions for all the world.”

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Concordia and Koinonia

Almighty God, the apostle Paul taught us to praise You in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs. We thank You this day for those who have given to Your Church great hymns, especially Your servants Philipp Nicolai, Johann Heermann, and Paul Gerhardt. May Your Church never lack hymnwriters who through their words and music give You praise. Fill us with the desire to praise and thank You for Your great goodness; through Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Bio: Philipp Nicolai (1556–1608) was a pastor in Germany during the Great Plague, which took the lives of 1,300 of his parishioners during a sixth-month period. In addition to his heroic pastoral ministry during that time of stress and sorrow, he wrote the texts for “Wake, Awake, for Night Is Flying” and “O Morning Star, How Fair and…

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Lessons:  Acts 16: 11-40;  Acts 9: 36-43;  Romans 16: 1-2


Filled with thy Holy Spirit, gracious God, thine earliest disciples served Thee with the gifts each had been given: Lydia in business and stewardship, Dorcas in a life of charity and Phoebe as a deaconess who served many. Inspire us today to build up Thy Church with our gifts in hospitality, charity and bold witness to the Gospel of Christ;  who livest and reignest with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God, now and for ever. Amen.

These women were exemplary Christians who demonstrated their faith by their material support of the Church.

  • Dorcas (also known as Tabitha) was well-known and much loved for her acts of charity in the city of Joppa, especially for her making clothes for the poor. When Dorcas died suddenly, the members of her congregation sent to the neighboring city of Lydda for the Apostle Peter, who came and raised her from the dead (Acts 9:36–41).
  • Lydia was a woman of Thyatira, who worked at Philippi selling a famous purple dye that was so much in demand in the ancient world. She was also a “worshiper of God” at the local synagogue. When the Apostle Paul encountered her in prayer among other proselyte women, his preaching of the Word brought Lydia to faith in Christ. She and her friends thus became the nucleus of the Christian community in Philippi (16:13–15, 40).
  • Phoebe was another faithful woman associated with the Apostle Paul. She was a deaconess from Cenchrae (the port of Corinth) whom Paul sent to the church in Rome with his Epistle to the Romans. In it he writes of her support for the work of the early Church (Rom 16:1).

These holy women, who were made holy by Faith in Jesus.  They are acknowledged in the prayer above in their various vocations:  businesswoman, charitable worker and  deaconess. For instance:  Lydia was the first convert to the Faith in Europe.  And as a businesswoman who sold the dye of royal and costly purple, she might have been quite well-to-do.   I am struck by the non-judgmental listing of “business’  alongside with a “churchy”  sounding word, “deaconess” in the prayer above.  These are all vocations from the Lord, yes, even business!   

If you follow our blog, you know that my wife died on September 1, 2022.  After her death, I received many testimonials to Natalie’s testimonies to Christ. In a recent letter, the head of the technical team of the company that recently purchased Natalie’s place of business, wrote a hand-written letter about the two times she met Natalie.  She “…left an impression on me…” of a person, “…with a great positive outlook and of great enthusiasm”. I do not write  this to laud my wife, but I do laud and praise the Lord for her!  I write this for Natalie’s new supervisor and what she wrote then: the supervisor read that Natalie was a Christian, and the supervisor wrote: “I was very moved  to read of both of her life vocations.”  Amen!  I assume Natalie’s vocations as a chemist…and as a Christian,  and my wife, mother to our children and organist.

This Commemoration of these three Christian women shows that you have more than one vocation.  You may have many  vocations in this life:  husband or wife, father or mother, son or daughter, citizen of your nation, member of a congregation…all vocations, literally calling, from God to help and serve your neighbor.  These are temporal and urgent in love and care.  And the Lord calls you in the Gospel of His forgiveness in Jesus Christ, which is eternal, and lived out through your various callings in the order of creation.  Phoebe, Dorcas and Lydia had no titles nor degrees yet served their Lord.  They are remembered and the great are brought low and forgotten.  You might name a daughter Phoebe but not Herodias.

Let’s look at the vocation in business since so many Christians turn their noses up at such but not their money! If it weren’t for business, there would be no jobs.  There is no occupation that is displeasing to the Lord, except those occupied with evil and used for ignoble ends with sinful means.  Even a church vocation can be used to serve self and not the Lord and can become evil as witnessed by clergy sexual sins.  Businessmen and women can serve the Lord and His people, and not the self.  Daily repentance is turning toward the Lord our whole lives, our work and our wealth, to serve Him and His people. It is in our daily vocations that we can serve and love our neighbors as to Christ Himself, not to save ourselves, as Jesus has already done that, but that our neighbor be served and be pointed to the Savior.  Dorcas, Lydia and Phoebe did so by charity, hospitality and serving, not waiting for suspect government to help the poor, the stranger, the widow, but actual acts of corporate mercy through their vocations as charity worker, deaconess and businesswoman in Christ our Lord.  

Almighty God, You stirred to compassion the hearts of Your dear servants Dorcas, Lydia, and Phoebe to uphold and sustain Your Church by their devoted and charitable deeds. Give us the same will to love You, open our eyes to see You in the least ones, and strengthen our hands to serve You in others, for the sake of Your Son, Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.

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Coffee Mug Theology

2 Corinthians 4: 5: “For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord; and ourselves your servants for Jesus’ sake.”

A newly written prayer of confession began this way in a Protestant worship service: “Grace-filled God”. Needless to say, this phrase for the Lord has not liturgical provenance and grammatically I think it is off-putting. It is possible that the bad theology behind “Grace-filled God” is revealed in its odd grammatical construct. I had my morning coffee in my “coffee-filled mug” but I would call it a mug of coffee. Now did my mug self-fill itself with coffee? Hardly. No, I filled my mug. So the implication is that someone else filled God with grace. No doubt this was not the intention of the author of this prayer of confession. Now God is “full of grace” (see St. John 1: 14), as that’s just the way God is. He didn’t fill Himself. He is as in “I am”. Now, He fills us with grace (e.g. the Virgin Mary and the first martyr Stephen and every believer). But no one fills God with grace.

You may be thinking dear reader that I am being fussy. I admit it, I am but for a larger point: if we keep on using metaphors and similes, regarding the Lord in this case, that are not strictly Biblical then we can begin to get the wrong thoughts about the true nature of the Lord God, e.g. as inclusive language, see the 1993 Re-imagining god conference. Maybe “grace-filled God” is a one time occurrence, but if not, then this will form the congregation in false notions, opening them up to even more egregious heretical ideas. Lex orandi, lex credendi, the rule of praying is the rule of believing. If the praying is not Biblical, that is orthodox (and orthodox literally means “right glory”, as in right glory in praying and singing) then this ‘praying’ will result is non-Biblical believing. Now if “grace-filled God” is just a one time honorific, this is still part of the generation long efforts at creative writing for services, changing up a worship service every Sunday, with the goal “to reach people” and such attempts at creativity turn our heart, soul and mind from the Creator to the created: us and what we want and these days “feel“. Revolving around selves, and not the true God of grace Who saves sinners in His beloved Son. The Lord has a name for that kind of self-interested worship: idolatry.

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Lessons for the Day:

Psalm 147:1-7
Isaiah 35:5-8
2 Timothy 4:5-15
Luke 10:1-9

Biblical Bio:   

St. Luke, the beloved physician referred to by St. Paul (Colossians4:14), presents us with Jesus, whose blood provides the medicine of immortality. As his traveling companion, Paul claimed Luke’s Gospel as his own for its healing of souls (Eusebius). Luke traveled with Paul during the second missionary journey, joining him after Paul received his Macedonian call to bring the Gospel to Europe (Acts16:10-17).  Luke most likely stayed behind in Philippi for seven years, rejoining Paul at the end of the third missionary journey inMacedonia. He traveled with Paul to Troas, Jerusalem, and Caesarea, where Paul was imprisoned for two years (Acts 20:5-21:18). While in Caesarea, Luke may have researched material that he used in his Gospel. Afterward, Luke accompanied Paul on his journey to Rome (Acts 27:1-28:16). Especially beloved in Luke’s Gospel are:

  • the stories of the Good Samaritan ( Luke 16:29-37),
  • the prodigal son (Luke15:11-32),
  • the rich man and Lazarus  (Luke16:19-31),
  • and the Pharisee and the tax collector (Luke 18:9-14).
  • Only Luke provides a detailed account of Christ’s birth (Luke 2:1-20)
  • and the canticles of Mary (Luke1:46-55),
  • of Zechariah (Luke 1:68-79),
  • and, Simeon (Luke2:29-32).

To show how Christ continued His work in the Early Church through the apostles, Luke also penned the Acts of the Apostles. More than one-third of the New Testament comes from the hand of the evangelist Luke.  (From The Treasury of Daily Prayer, Concordia Publishing House)

Collect of the Day: Almighty God, our Father, Your blessed Son called Luke the physician to be an evangelist and physician of the soul. Grant that the healing medicine of the Gospel and the Sacraments may put to flight the diseases of our souls that with willing hearts we may ever love and serve You; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

The apostle Paul called Luke, “the beloved physician” (Colossians 4: 14). There was a 19th century British author and a physician.  He studied at the University of Edinburgh and one of his most influential professors was Dr. Joseph Bell.  Dr. Bell could keenly observe and remember the symptoms of a patient and putting the pieces together deducing the sickness with amazing accuracy. The British author was Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and Dr. Bell was a basis of Sherlock Holmes.  Dr. Luke had before him all sorts of narratives, with truth and fact, and falsehood and invention.  A doctor knows how to observe.  Dr. Luke put together all the pieces and connected them, all the facts of Christ Jesus and put them together to “compose systematically a narrative”, not for himself, but “for your benefit”. The Lord knows whom He chooses, and He chose a doctor to write one of the Gospels.

A physician employs diagnostic tools to determine the ailment that a patient suffers in order to treat him.  The Divine Physician uses the diagnostic tool of His Law, the 10 Commandments to find out the ailment of a sin(s) plaguing a man:  Thievery?  Sexual immorality?  Love of money (that is, idolatry)?  Covetousness? Etc.  The Lord knows to how observe, not only your body, but your heart, soul and mind. So that the Lord can proclaim through His pastor(s) the balm of Gilead, the anointing of the Holy Spirit which is His forgiveness in His Son Jesus Christ who came not call the righteous, but sinners, us all to repent and pray, God, be merciful to me a sinner (St. Luke 18: 13). In the Collect for today, we pray to the Divine Physician,  Almighty God, our Father, Your blessed Son called Luke the physician to be an evangelist and physician of the soul. Grant that the healing medicine of the Gospel and the Sacraments may put to flight the diseases of our souls that with willing hearts we may ever love and serve You:  through Jesus Christ our Lord.  This is Whom St. Luke the physician wrote about. The Lord has written His diagnosis in the Scripture of Law , and His prognosis in the flesh of His dear Son, in His Promise: forgiveness, His grace, mercy and peace by His dying and rising. The Divine Physician died for His patients, His people, for you for eternal life with Him in His Resurrection. Believe and rejoice!

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“Glorious is God with His saints and angels: Oh, come let us worship Him.”

Almighty God, we praise Your Name for Ignatius of Antioch, pastor and martyr.  He offered himself as grain to be ground by the teeth of wild beasts so that he might present to You the pure bread of sacrifice.  Accept the willing tribute of all that we are and all that we have, and give us a portion in the pure and unspotted offering of Your Son, Jesus Christ, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.

About Ignatius:

He was the bishop of Antioch in Syria at the beginning of the second century A.D. and an early Christian martyr. Near the end of the reign of the Roman emperor Trajan (98–117), Ignatius was arrested, taken in chains to Rome, and eventually thrown to the wild beasts in the arena. On the way to Rome, he wrote letters to the Christians at Ephesus, Magnesia, Tralles, Rome, Philadelphia, and Smyrna, and also to Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna. In the letters, which are beautifully pastoral in tone, Ignatius warned against certain heresies (false teachings). He also repeatedly stressed the full humanity and deity

of Christ, the reality of Christ’s bodily presence in the Lord’s Supper, the supreme authority of the bishop, and the unity of the Church found in her bishops. Ignatius was the first to use the word catholic to describe the universality of the Church. His Christ-centeredness, his courage in the face of martyrdom, and his zeal for the truth over against false doctrine are a lasting legacy to the Church.  (From The Treasury of Daily Prayer, Concordia Publishing House)

The Apostle Paul was probably martyred between A.D. 64-67.  Ignatius became the 2nd Bishop of Antioch in A.D. 69.   Antioch was the city from which Paul and Barnabas began their great missionary journey as recorded in Acts 13-14.  Ignatius is a direct link to the apostles and the apostolic doctrine.  (Information from The Apostolic Fathers, edited by Jack Sparks)

Some have written that Christian doctrine evolved from the original sayings of Jesus  into the Christianity we have today. But given the chronological proximity of Ignatius to the Apostolic era, this cannot be so and especially when we read his letters.  In them, it is clear that Ignatius and the earlier Church were continuing the apostolic doctrine as taught verbatim by Jesus Christ in the power of the Holy Spirit, as  the continuation and fulfilment of the Old Testament proclaimed in the New Testament.


One of first great crises of the earlier Church was when the last of the 12 Apostles died.  Who could ever replace them?  Already the Lord provided the answer: bishops.   When I hear the word “bishop”, visions of churchly finery come to mind:  croziers, mitres, elaborate vestments and the like.  Not in the 1st  century nor for next 2-3 centuries!  Bishop is the word used  to translate  the New Testament Greek:  episcopos which means “overseer”, one who provides oversight to the doctrine and faith of the congregation.   An “episcopos” preached and administered the Sacraments which means a bishop is  a pastor.  He presided at the Table of the Lord.

In the Roman Empire, there were many gods and goddesses and their temples and shrines were massive and impressive and they held elaborate and overwhelming services in them.  A Christian episcopos presided over a simple meal of  bread and wine, announcing this is the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ.  He preached the Word of Law and Gospel to comfort the afflicted and afflict the comforted.  Nothing outwardly impressive, yet by such the Lord spread His Word as He had promised He would “to the ends of the earth”.   The Word of Jesus Christ was so spread against overwhelming odds without gimmicks, strategies, mission models, massive denomination budgets, etc.  (Insight courtesy of Rev. Prof. Hermann Sasse)

For Ignatius the central  aspect of the Church was unity with the bishop, the pastor in the preaching and teaching of the Scripture and administration of the Sacraments, according to the Apostolic Doctrine set forth in the Holy Scriptures.:

“…it is fitting for you  run your race together with the bishop’s purpose–as you do.  For your presbytery–worthy of fame, worthy of God–is attuned to the bishop  like strings to a lyre.  Therefore by your unity and harmonious love Jesus Christ is sung.”

The episcopos was to give oversight but not to overlook false doctrine.  Case in point:  Ignatius warns the Church in Smyrna about  the docetists. ‘Docetist’  means ‘appearance’ and they said that Jesus only appeared to be a man but was only God  and so they changed the clear meaning of Scripture and they denied the Body and the Blood. And so Ignatius warns the Smyrnaens about them and their teaching on Holy Communion:

“They abstain from Eucharist and prayer because they do not acknowledge that the Eucharist is the flesh of our Savior Jesus Christ which suffered for our sins, which the Father raised by his goodness. Those who deny God’s gift are dying in their squabbles; it would be better for them to love so that they may rise. It is fitting to keep away from such men and not to speak about them either privately or publicly, but to pay attention to the prophets and especially to the Gospel, in which the passion has been explained to us and the resurrection has been accomplished. Flee from divisions as the beginning of evils.”

What is the Biblical and evangelical understanding of the Lord’s Supper in relation to our lives and souls in His Church?

“Be eager, therefore, to use one Eucharist–for there is one flesh of our Lord Jesus Christ and one cup for union with the blood (cf. 1 Cor. 10: 16), one sanctuary, as there is one bishop, together with the presbytery and the deacons my fellow slaves–so that whatever you do, you do in relation to God (cf. 1 Cor. 10: 31;  Col. 3: 17)

Furthermore, the docetists believed Jesus was purely “spiritual” and He could not give us His Body and Blood.  Using an oft-used phrase in our day, they were not religious but ‘spiritual’. Sound familiar? Maybe Ignatius was too negative?  Maybe he should have ‘dialogued’ with them and formed a Bishop’s Study Task Force of Ecumenical Dialogue with Docetism?  Of course not.  Ignatius did a pastor’s work.   The heretics are actually the ones who want Christian doctrine to ‘evolve’, actually devolve into something totally different and more to their liking and their flesh and so it is no longer saving doctrine. It is as old as Israel finding more suitable deities in the Baals.   This is the devil’s work.   The only conversation is to warn and  the call to repentance and the true Faith, clinging to Jesus Christ in the unity of the Holy Spirit in the glory of God the Father in His Church. As Ignatius wrote to the  Magnesians:

As, then, the Lord did nothing apart from the Father [cf. John 5:19; 8:28], either by himself or through the apostles, since he was united with him [cf. John 10:30; 17:11,21,22], so you must do nothing apart from the bishop and the presbyters. Do not try to make anything appear praiseworthy by yourselves, but let there be in common one prayer, one petition, one mind, one hope in love, in blameless joy—which is Jesus Christ, than whom nothing is better [cf. John 10:16; Eph. 4:3-6]. 2. All of you must run together as to one temple of God, as to one sanctuary, to one Jesus Christ, who proceeded from the one Father and is with the one and departed to the one [cf. John 8:42;14:12,28; 16:10,17

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Luke 18:1-8 The Unrighteous Judge Translation:  Dr. Arthur A. Just, Jr.

18 1And he said a parable to them to show that they must always pray and not grow weary, 2saying, “There was a certain judge in a certain city not fearing God and not respecting man. 3And there was a widow in that city and she continually came to him, saying, ‘Vindicate me against my opponent.’

4“And he was not willing for a long time. But after these things, he said to himself, ‘Even if I do not fear God nor respect men, 5on account of the trouble this widow causes me, I will vindicate her, with the result that she not keep coming until [the] end (τό τέλος, the end/aim) and give me a black eye.'”

6And the Lord said, “Hear what the unrighteous judge says. 7But will not God make vindication of his elect who are crying to him day and night and be long-suffering[1] (μακροθυμεῖ, macrothuma)to them? 81 say to you that he will make their vindication quickly. Nevertheless, when the Son of Man comes, will he even find the faith on the earth?”

  1. What is the Lord’s encouragement to us in His parable?[2]
  • Who is the main character in Jesus’ parable:  a. the Widow  b. the Judge   C. Other:__­­­­­­­­_____.
  • What is the basis or foundation of prayer?
  • Prayer is:  a.  at certain times during the day   b. when one feels like it[3]  c. in times of need d. at all times, unceasingly. (More than one right answer)
  • Has God vindicated His elect?
  • In what way are verses 5 and 8 related?[4]

[1] The translation of 1 Corinthians 13: 4 is usually:  “Love is patient…”   The word for “patient” is the Greek: makrothuma. Another rendering of makrothuma and its related words is “long-suffering”.  A form of  “long-suffering” is in our Lord’s parable of the Persistent Widow,  Luke 18: 1-8.  The King James Version renders the verse,  “And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night unto him, though he bear long with them?”  “Bear long with them” is a form of makrothuma, that is, the Lord long-suffers with His people as they are invited and called by the Lord to consistent and daily prayer to Him. In 2 Timothy 3: 14—4: 15, 4: 2, the Apostle  encourages his fellow pastor, “…preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and exhort, with complete patience (long-suffering, makrothuma) and teaching.”

 Rev. Lockwood in his commentary on 1 Corinthians states that makrothuma,

“…is marked “not so much in the expression as in the extension of emotion, the drawing out, taming, literally the ‘lengthening’ (makro-) of emotion.  The Christian is not short-tempered, but longsuffering with others.” 

Christian long-suffering obviously is not a self-cultivated virtue! It is part of the fruit of the Holy Spirit, Galatians 5: 22.  Makrothuma comes from and has it’s roots in the Lord’s long-suffering, bearing long with us all.  St. Paul knew that: “Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might shew forth all long-suffering, for a pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting.” (1 Timothy 1: 16) It is clear that the Lord’s encouragement in the upcoming Gospel reading to prayer is likewise rooted and grounding in the Lord’s makrothuma

Makrothumia (Long-suffering) is so needed in this short-tempered world we live in.  I personally know this. Again, Rev. Lockwood comments on 1 Corinthians 13: 4, love is long-suffering: 

“In the fast-paced, achievement-oriented world entering the third millennium, when the spirit of the age tempts churches to look for quick and impressive results, it is salutary to reflect on the priority Paul accords to the love which expresses itself in being longsuffering, a love that can wait (cf. 1 Cor 1:7; 11:33; James 5:7-8).”

I assert that “long-suffering” is almost a synonym for the divine love/charity, the Lord’s perfect makrothumia.  A love that can wait: For God alone, O my soul, wait in silence, for my hope is from him. Psalm 62

[2]GRK: καὶ μὴ ἐνκακεῖν
KJV: and not to faint;

[3] From The Screwtape Letters by C. S. Lewis:  “The best thing, where it is possible, is to keep the patient from the serious intention of praying altogether. When the patient is an adult recently re-converted to the Enemy’s party, like your man, this is best done by encouraging him to remember, or to think he remembers, the parrot-like nature of his prayers in childhood. In reaction against that, he may be persuaded to aim at something entirely spontaneous, inward, informal, and unregularised; and what this will actually mean to a beginner will be an effort to produce in himself a vaguely devotional mood in which real concentration of will and intelligence have no part. One of their poets, Coleridge, has recorded that he did not pray “with moving lips and bended knees” but merely “composed his spirit to love” and indulged “a sense of supplication”. That is exactly the sort of prayer we want; and since it bears a superficial resemblance to the prayer of silence as practised by those who are very far advanced in the Enemy’s service, clever and lazy patients can be taken in by it for quite a long time. At the very least, they can be persuaded that the bodily position makes no difference to their prayers; for they constantly forget, what you must always remember, that they are animals and that whatever their bodies do affects their souls. It is funny how mortals always picture us as putting things into their minds: in reality our best work is done by keeping things out.”

[4]τό τέλος denotes the end of the Messianic pangs (dolores Messiae; see ὠδίν) in Matthew 24:6, 14 (opposed to ἀρχή ὠδίνων); Mark 13:7 (cf. 9); Luke 21:9; τό τέλος in 1 Corinthians 15:24 denotes either the end of the eschatological events, or the end of the resurrection i. e. the last or third act of the resurrection (to include those who had not belonged to the number of οἱ τοῦ Χριστοῦ ἐν τῇ παρουσία αὐτοῦ), 1 Corinthians 15:24 cf. 1 Corinthians 15:23

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