Archive for October, 2012

The LORD of hosts is with us;
the God of Jacob is our fortress

            You all know some Hebrew.  In fact, we speak Hebrew every Sunday and  I hope every day.  Hallelujah!  Hallel Praise/Jah, short for Yahweh, or the LORD, Praise the Lord.  I hope there is hallelujah in your life daily to our Lord Jesus Christ in the midst of shaking of the foundations.  Another word, Sabbath, as in remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy.  We are keeping it holy because we need His Word of life for faith to be fed and the fruit of faith, love, to be engendered for the week ahead and every day.  Another word:  Amen!  So be it!  Truly! Yes! I hope you pray daily His Word and say the Amen. I should be certain that these petitions are acceptable to our Father in heaven and heard; for He Himself has commanded us so to pray, and has promised that He will hear us. Amen, Amen; that is, Yea, yea, it shall be so. (Luther) This is confident word of faith to the Lord from His Word that He will accomplish His word amongst us.  In Psalm 46 the refrain is The LORD of hosts is with us: the Hebrew word for “with us” is IMMANU.  And this is another Hebrew word you know in a different form:  Immanu-el, el, short for elohim, or God:  God with us.  This is a name for Jesus Christ as recorded in Matthew’s Holy Gospel:  Jesus Christ is God with us.  He alone has saved us from sin, death and the power of the devil that fallen man thinks by which  he can make himself good.

I chose the hymns today with the simple criterion:  written by Martin Luther.  But unintentionally I see this:

“From Heaven above to earth I come”:  Christmas, or Christ Mass. Christ Jesus is born!  Immanu-el, God is with us.

““O Lord, We Praise You”:  Luther adapted and expanded this medieval communion hymn singing of the One born of Mary who died and rose for all mankind and by that He gives us Body and Blood for the nourishment of our souls in true repentance and the love of and for the Lord.  Right in the middle of the Liturgy is His Cross and His risen Body and Blood:  Immanu-el, God is with us.

“A Mighty Fortress Is Our God”:  My Dad once said to me you have  to choose a recessional hymn which we can go out humming.  “A mighty fortress” certainly fills my Dad’s advice!  This hymn, this sung prayer is our daily prayer in the midst of the kingdoms and nations raging and tottering and the earth quaking and seas roaring in daily life.  :  Immanu-el, God is with us.

The Scripture text that is the basis of  A Mighty Fortress is our God is Psalm 46. Israel saw the tumult of the earth and were afraid.  Worse:  the tumult of the nations raging and tottering and the LORD spake and the “earth melts”.  Now Luther did not write this hymn to express his own religious or spiritual feelings but to interpret and apply the 46th Psalm to the church of his own time and its struggles amidst the nations.  Luther wrote hymns not as a means for self-expression but to serve his fellow believers.  By the Lord’s mighty Word made flesh in Jesus Christ for us sinners, Luther is still so serving his fellow believers today in the Word of God Psalm 46 through his hymn.  Yes, the Lord was in His Temple in Jerusalem but fully the Psalmist, inspired by the Holy Spirit, is praying and singing that it is not trust in a place, Jerusalem, that saves but the Presence:  THE LORD is immanu, with us.  He is our mighty fortress. 

Earthquakes, the raging of the nations, the tottering of empires, the rage of the hurricane over the ocean…sounds like a Psalm and a hymn “ripped from the headlines”and fear planted into our hearts.  Then in the Psalm comes the Lord’s command:  “Be still and know that I am God.” which taken as counsel sounds contrary to all human wisdom.  It is.  Don’t we have to do something?  Form a task force, initiate a government program, build windmills, send the army, launch an attack, call the UN together, buy a self-help book, get my act together, keep my nose clean, reinvent myself…we have to save our planet, our nation, ourselves, after all, without us we can’t be saved.  No, be still and know that I am God. As if the Lord were telling us:

“See, you are not God, but I am. I created you, and I recreate you; I formed you, and I form you anew; I made you, and I remake you. If you had no power to make yourself, how do you propose to remake yourself?” (St. Augustine)

 When the people of Israel had been freed from Egypt, right after the first Passover, the armed might of the Egyptian Empire, Pharoah, considered to be a god, went in hot-pursuit of what he considered his chattel property.  The Israelites then were faced with Red Sea and the whole host of Pharoah behind them.  Israel cried out to Moses Is it because there are no graves in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the wilderness? What have you done to us in bringing us out of Egypt? Moses responded:   Fear not, stand firm, and see the salvation of the LORD, which he will work for you today… 14 The LORD will fight for you, and you have only to be silent.” It seems as if the Lord silenced one Martin Luther, dead in his tracks, trying to save himself by recreating himself spiritually in a monastery. He found out he could not. The Law of God silenced Martin.  Martin was full of fear that though an “impeccable monk” he could not fulfill God’s Law.   Be still, Martin, and know that I am God and God showed Luther the cross of His beloved Son Jesus Christ and the love which stretched out His hands to him, to us.  The just shall live by faith in Jesus Christ who gave up himself for me and thee. And around and through and because of the  Cross comes the Word of God:  Be still and know that I am God. And God, Jesus Christ was utterly silenced:  Into Your Hands I commend my spirit.  And He died.  You can not storm heaven or take by violence. He is risen to bring you to Himself, Immanu-el.  You can save a dime but not your time.  Jesus Christ is the friend of sinners and tax collectors and Martin and you and I. Not to accept them but forgive and transform them.  As much as we think we control good and evil, it is good and evil that controls us and nothing inside can change it. Without our help He did us make without our help He did us save.  Immanu-el.

We may all know enough of Medieval history that castles, fortresses, stone strong dotted all the landscape of Europe.  The peasants lived outside the castle farming.  When enemies threatened they fled for refuge to the strong castle of their Lord for protection, safety and peace in the attacks of the enemy in siege warfare.  There in the castle strong they were in a sense silenced. This is probably what’s behind Luther’s great hymn.  The people needed a safe place, a home, without fear.   A place of love and care where no one would fear. We flee for refuge in our bank account and with every up or down of Wall Street main street quakes.  We look for the brightest and the best and many of them do some of the dumbest and worse things possible and on TV.  But human fortresses are very much pregnable but this fortress has a stream which makes glad the city of God:  your baptism.  . The Lord fights by our side with weapons of the Spirit: 

the breastplate of righteousness

shoes for  the gospel of peace

the shield of faith

the helmet of salvation

the belt of truth

the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God,

We shall wield these weapons, but they will not come from ourselves.  Immanu-El, God is with us.

 With a son of coal miner who studied law and  became monk, Luther or an academic bookworm fluent in ancient languages, Philip Melancthon, I can not think of a more unlikely cast of characters to start a reformation.  But they did not start it. Luther was sensible of it:  Immanu-el.  After the Diet of Wurms, when Luther was branded an outlaw any one in the Holy Roman Empire could have killed him, Luther’s ruler, Frederick the Wise, had Luther captured in the night leaving Worms. Luther thought he was a goner.  Instead Elector Frederick imprisoned him for his own safety in the caste of Wartburg.  In his confinement, Luther began translating the New Testament into German.  But he heard that back in his church in Wittenberg that the pastor, Karlstadt, was trying to change everything much to quickly and literally causing riots:  you can still see a broken statue of the Virgin Mary.  Luther went back and for 8 days in Lent preached some of the greatest sermons ever:  the Invocavit Sermons.  In one of the them, he speaks of the Word of God, the Lord Jesus Christ Himself reforming, uplifting and pacifying as only Luther could:

For the Word created heaven and earth and all things [Ps. 33:6]; the Word must do this thing, and not we poor sinners. In short, I will preach it, teach it, write it, but I will constrain no man by force, for faith must come freely without compulsion. Take myself as an example. I opposed indulgences and all the papists, but never with force. I simply taught, preached, and wrote God’s Word; otherwise I did nothing. And while I slept [cf. Mark 4:26-29], or drank Wittenberg beer with my friends Philips and Amsdorf,6 the Word so greatly weakened the papacy that no prince or emperor ever inflicted such losses upon it. I did nothing; the Word did everything.

 In the crush of the daily burdens, when the news is bleak, when there are fightings and fears within and without, don’t go running hither and yon or when in doubt run in circles scream and shout, you won’t go far and going to the bar won’t help.  Be still.  The Lord of hosts is with us.  Call upon Him while He is near.  Repent, confess, pray, sing, a mighty fortress is our God.  Hallelujah. Amen.  Sabbath.  In the old Lutheran Hymnal there is a prayer of confession which as a kid I always loved and still do which evokes the mighty fortress in time of  stress, striving and sin.  Let us pray…

Almighty God, our Maker and Redeemer, we poor sinners confess untoThee that we are by nature sinful and unclean and that we have sinned against Thee by thought, word, and deed. Wherefore we flee for refuge to Thine infinite mercy, seeking and imploring Thy grace for the sake of our Lord Jesus Christ.

 The Lord has had mercy upon you.

























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As we were chanting Psalm 46 yesterday on Reformation Sunday, I was struck by the timeliness of these verses from the 46th Psalm as the hurricane approaches our shores and a winter storm comes from the west:

1God is our refuge and strength,
   a very present help in trouble.
2Therefore we will not fear though the earth gives way,
   though the mountains be moved into the heart of the sea,
3though its waters roar and foam,
   though the mountains tremble at its swelling.

So the first verse is about the dangers of nature but,

The danger with which the psalmist is really concerned comes from the nations, and he moves on to that one in the second and third stanzas. The nations in their raging and kingdoms in their instability produce a historical chaos more dangerous than the cosmic one. Indeed, historical insecurity seems to replace cosmic instability in Israel’s vision of reality; note that the same language is used about seas and nations: seas and nations “rage,” mountains and kingdoms “totter.” But the congregation knows that the LORD of hosts is also sovereign over national powers as well as cosmic. (Interpretation: Psalms by James Luther Mays)

The Lord’s Word shows us our own fears: it is the shaking of the nations that causes more fear.  Yes, this hurricane meeting a low-pressure cold front has been dubbed “Frankenstorm”, but one week from tomorrow is Election Day, another day of storm.  This presidential election has caused more fear than any I can remember in 50 years.  This election has been slow moving storm for at least a year, even more.  It is the result of two different storm systems, two different fronts, colliding. For so long now, with  the revolutions beginning in the ’60s and the incremental changes of immorality in the ascendancy of the acceptance of lust for both things and sexuality, it is true “…nations rage, the kingdoms totter…”

Luther chose Psalm 46 as the basis of “A Mighty Fortress is our God”.  He too saw kingdoms tottering as two fronts pressed in upon each other.  The clash of the Church struggle affected kingdoms and nations. “… if the foundations are destroyed,   what can the righteous do?” (Psalm 11: 3).  In Luther’s day, they  saw the armies of Islam on the doors of Vienna, Austria.  He composed his hymn “Lord, Keep Us Steadfast in Your Word” as a prayer directed for the possibility of the destruction of the Holy Roman Empire.  Luther and the Reformers knew a greater shaking in the midst of the Church and the nations and  the “foundations are destroyed”.  It is what we built, created, managed and manipulated, in the foolishness of the denial of original sin and hubris, that we said would last…last even a 1,000 years.  See the tower of Babel: we will make a name for ourselves, lest we be scattered. 

What can the righteous do?  

First: it is clear from Psalm 46, the tottering of kingdoms, signified by the tumult of nature, is the Lord’s doing!   See, “…how He has brought desolations on the earth.”  He is the Lord of history and is at work, as He fully entered into history.

Second:  so it follows, for all our much vaunted ascendancy to control nature and nations, we are finally not in control. Our pride states that we know it all and so we fear but we are fearing ourselves, but there is no fear of the Lord, and no love either.  The Lord is clear on our pride, “Pride goes before destruction,   and a haughty spirit before a fall.” (Proverbs 16: 18)

Third:  The Psalmist points us not to our own self-invented possibilities, but to the Lord’s promises:

He makes wars cease to the end of the earth;
   he breaks the bow and shatters the spear;
    he burns the chariots with fire.

He fights by our side with weapons of the Spirit. The war is not against flesh and blood but the powers and principalities, He alone has the streams of living water that makes glad the city of God…not us.

But the question is not answered: What is the righteous to do when the foundations are destroyed?  When “..the best laid plans of mice and men go oft astray/and leave us nought but grief and pain, For promis’d joy” (Robert Burns) WE thought our best laid plans would bring promised joy but they have not. What are we to do?  In church and nation, we cry out, we got to do something!!!

The Lord tells what we are to do:  nothing.  Actually He tells us to be active in doing nothing, “Be still…”:

“Be still, and know that I am God.
    I will be exalted among the nations,
   I will be exalted in the earth!”

As Moses told the people of Israel screaming at him as the armies of darkness descended upon them in the rear and the sea was in front of them, You only have to be still and see the wonders of God. Be still as an infant nursing at his mother’s breast.  As still as that first day of the week dawned, and the stone was moved and a messenger declared, He is not here.  He is risen! Nothing is solved but all is saved and will be.  Be still…but, but, we got to take back our country, we got to do great things for God…be still and be stilled by His Word to you.  This stilling is called faith according to His Word of promise:

The LORD of hosts is with us;
   the God of Jacob is our fortress.

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The Reformers actually did not want to reform the Church. First, they thought the Lord by His Word would reform the Church, but not them.  In all of Luther’s 60 plus volumes of writings the words ‘reform’ and “reformation” are used  by him only a couple of times.  Many before Luther and the Reformation wanted to reform the Roman Catholic Church’s horrendous morals especially in the papacy. Luther and company knew moral reform would come about but not from reformation but restoration.  Their fingers never pointed at the papacy with a moralistic Tsk, tsk.  They knew the “tsk,tsk” of legalism trying to save one self and every spiritual self-help scam like indulgences. They pointed their fingers, their souls and bodies to the Cross of Jesus Christ and the Bible and that is what got them into trouble. The blessed Reformers and the Reformation was actually a restoration, a recovery, a rediscovery of the pearl of great price that was already there and had been:  the Gospel of Jesus Christ and the inerrant Word of God, the Bible, sola Scriptura, Scripture alone.

             Now the Roman Church believes that Scripture is authoritative and inerrant.  The radical nature of the Reformation was the word, “sola”.  Scripture alone.  Not the opinions and theologies of men, not the spiritualities and religiosities and life experiences of men and women, not works, not keeping the Law, form the saving doctrine.  The saving doctrine is formed in God’s Word in the Bible and Scripture points us unfailingly and inerrantly to Jesus Christ. The saving doctrine is formed by Christ Jesus’ death and resurrection and all of the Lord’s history:  from the beginning when God created the heavens and earth, and you and I, out of sheer grace to Israel’s being freed by no decision of their own.   This forms the saving and pure doctrine of salvation by grace through faith alone.  Once the move is made, even in one jot or tittle of the Word, to change it, following our own ideas, then how do such people believe in Christ, I ask? (Luther’s question)  There is something else you have to do besides faith in Jesus Christ. So, you could pray to Mary and saints, say Masses for the dead, invent purgatory and a method to get people out of purgatory (indulgences), invent monasteries and convents so one could be a real Christian and the like.

              But what is a poor sinner to do? A poor student, a teacher, an accountant, a chemist, a pastor, retirees to supposedly attain to God?   Luther was a super-monk and tried to be, to be absolutely good before the awesome throne of God by his purpose driven life in the Augustinian monastery.  Luther wrote he tried this day and night.  He was an impeccable monk.  He wore himself out unto despair and dark night of the soul apart from God to placate God.  To Luther God was only the awesome Judge.  But then he read in the Bible, the just shall live by faith. Salvation is of God and His Son, Jesus Christ, not in Luther.  A man can keep externally some of the law but it’s like a monkey imitating a man but it does not make him a man.  Only God could do that, wrote Luther.  A parrot can speak but it does not make it a man.  Only God can change a man and he does so by Jesus Christ and the work of the Holy Spirit working in, through and with His Word spoken, preached, read, prayed, eaten and baptized in.  This past week I saw a very good movie on St. Augustine, Restless Heart and his mentor St. Ambrose, Luther loved to quote:  “I sin daily so I go to Holy Communion daily.” 

             Luther and the blessed Reformers found again the pearl of great price.  The Church has been likened to a ship.  Nave is the area in a church building where the people sit. Nave comes from the Latin word, navis whichmeans ship.  But barnacles were threatening her hull and her sailing.  It’s hard enough to sail through the rough waters of sin, death and the power of the devil throwing monster storms at the Lord’s people aboard by seeking a different captain and threatening mutiny all the time. In Bible study we looked at Hebrews 12: 1 where the preacher says Jesus is the “founder” or “pioneer” of our faith, but I think the King James version is right on target: He is the captain of our faith.    Thinking our tongue is rudder steering her is the navigation to shipwreck. More than one Lutheran took little counsel seeing the pictures of the shipwreck of  “Concordia”. The arrogant boast of the heretic, “With our tongue we will prevail,   our lips are with us; who is master over us?” (Psalm 12) The Reformers knew and we know it is the Lord’s Word which steers, His Holy Spirit that fills the sails, and the Cross the sure mast. Our tongues, our theologies will so easily steer the ship the wrong way. Look at the ships also: though they are so large and are driven by strong winds, they are guided by a very small rudder wherever the will of the pilot directs. 5So also the tongue is a small member, yet it boasts of great things. (The Epistle of James) When church leaders, pastors, ministers and bishops start following their own ideas about the faith, how can the people, how can we  believe in Jesus Christ?  (from Luther)  “For to believe in Christ is to reach out to Him with one’s whole heart and to order all things in accord with Him.” (Luther) Why?  He’s God!  He knows us better than we do ourselves. And so we may boast in Him and His love for us all and go the true way, as in I am the Way, the Truth and the Life, no one comes to Father but by Me.

 The Reformers sold all they had to buy the land for the pearl of great price. The true icon of Jesus Christ and His Church had been there but forgotten.  Hymnody, as we know it, was also a gift from the Reformation and an outpouring of music, from Luther to Bach. But probably a lot of Lutherans do not know there was an outpouring of painting and engravings and woodcuts, of the visual arts: Albrecht Durer, Hans Holbein the younger and Lucas Cranach, the elder and younger, father and son.  

The painting on the full cover on the bulletin (here reproduced)  and up here on whiteboard is by Lucas Cranach the Elder and it’s part of the Altar triptych at Marienskirche in Wittenberg. The original artwork is the predella (lower panel) of the altar that runs beneath a triptych that features baptism (in the left panel), the Lord’s Supper (in the large central panel), and absolution (in the right panel).

  • I call the predella, Luther preaching. “I preach Christ and Him crucified” is the center of preaching.  Baptism is into the death of Jesus so that as He lives we too might walk in the newness of life.  In 1 Corinthians 11, after Paul passes on the Words of Institution, it is written:  “For as oft as ye eat of this bread and drink of His blood you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes.”  The crucifix, Jesus’ death and resurrection is front and center in the life of the Church.
  • There are several ways this painting proclaims the centrality of Christ in Lutheran preaching. First, note the crucified Christ is front and center in the painting, drawing the attention of most “In evangelical terms, he preaches the crucified Christ so clearly, obviously and directly, as if the listeners could look at him painted before their eyes” In fact, in Galatians St. Paul wrote them,  O foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you? It was before your eyes that Jesus Christ was publicly portrayed as crucified. Galatians 3:1 One Biblical scholar wrote that the sense of the Greek in that verse is, I put Christ and Him crucified as on a billboard for you. Notice the wavy loin cloth, a victory flag, He is risen and this is not the end of the story.  He is the pioneer and perfector of our faith as it is written in Hebrews, our Captain.  His earthly ministry continues in his heavenly ministry of the Church so we can be made holy by His gifts of grace to us daily.
  • With one hand Luther points and with another it rests on the Bible.  We do not know which Bible passage is open but it says that the inerrant Word of God points us to Jesus.  Luther pointed out that every word of the Scripture points to Jesus Jesus Christ. While Scripture knows a thousand ways to proclaim Christ in direct speech, in imagery, and in metaphor, yet all of Scripture shares the same essential purpose that John identified as the heart of his gospel: “These are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name” (John 20:31).
  • Note the Congregation.  The man with the long beard is probably Cranach himself.  The woman with the young boy is probably Katherine von Bora, Luther’s wife and their son Hans.  Hans was a toddler at the time and at that time Luther wrote the Small Catechism and probably heard his son asking, Papa, vas ist das?  What is that?  In the Catechism the translation is What does this mean? but in German is Vas ist das?  
  • Note the girl looking write at us, as if she were posing for a photo, but her eyes are now not looking at  Jesus Christ.  This is not good, maybe Cranach is suggesting.

What happens when our eyes and hearts are no longer fixed on Jesus Christ? What happens when we rearrange the 3 sections of this painting?  Take Jesus from front and center and have this picture: 

The congregation is front and center. Christ is no longer important, crucial.  They are the reason for season, not Jesus Christ.  Notice then that Luther, any pastor is pointing directly at them and no longer to Jesus Christ.  Now the preacher points to them the law they can do to be ‘good Christians”. We are called to preach Christ and not the Christian.  I have to admit it, I like the sound of Mark Schroeder Ministries, this is the fare of all the Joel Osteens, Rick Warrens and the like.  It is Christ Jesus’ Ministry.  Eventually, the icon of the Crucified is dropped all together. IN fact, church growth teaches there should be no cross no crucifix and no mention of sin in confession and absolution: No Jesus, except as our helper but not our Lord. And so:  leading from behind?  No, a teacher is front of his class, the conductor in front of her choir or orchestra, the General in front of his troops:  Christ Jesus front and center, the captain of our ship, our lives, our salvation.

The Reformers restored the true icon of the Church.  It is catholic. The word catholic is from two Greek words, kata holos, according to the whole. According to the whole of our lives. Luther taught that the two most important words in the Lord’s Supper are FOR YOU.  


According to the whole of Christ Jesus for our lives do we look for our salvation.

On the bulletin cover so we can see the whole image I extended Luther preaching on the front and the back and by accident the Crucifix becomes a hinge on the bulletin, the hinge of the door by which the Kingdom of heaven is open to all believers.

Now the peace of God, which surpasses all human understanding, guards your hearts and minds in Christ Jesus. Amen.


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We meet in the community room of our county’s main library.  They already put up some Halloween decorations for their party for children and the decoration was 3 strings of professionally colored in paper cut-out skulls, kind of like this:

It made for an interesting decor for the Divine Service for the preaching of the Scripture  and Sacrament of the Altar.  The Bible tells us the wages of sin is death.  The Law shows us our sin.  Sin is death.  Trying to keep the Law is like coloring skulls:  the skulls  looks prettier but it is not life because  the Law does not give life. “For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.”  (Romans 6: 23)  The Lord alone gives life to our souls and will give eternal life to our bones on the last day.  

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Almighty God, You chose Your servants Simon and Jude to be numbered among the glorious company of the apostles. As they were faithful and zealous in their mission, so may we with ardent devotion make known the love and mercy of our Lord and Savior Christ, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.

Scripture Lessons:  Jeremiah 26: 1-16; Psalm 43;  1 Peter 1: 3-9;  John 15: 12-21

Memory Verse:  Alleluia.  You did not choose Me, But I chose you. Alleluia.

About Saints Simon and Jude:  In the lists of the twelve apostles (Matthew 10:2-4; Mark 3:16-19; Luke 6: 14—16); Acts1:13), the tenth and eleventh places are occupied by Simon the Zealot (or ‘Cannanaean”) and by Jude (or “Judas,” not Iscariot but “of James”), who was apparently known also as Thaddaeus. According to early Christian tradition, Simon and Jude journeyed together as missionaries to Persia, where they were martyred. It is likely for this reason, at least in part, that these two apostles are commemorated on same day. Simon is not mentioned in New Testament apart from the lists of twelve apostles. Thus he is remembered and honored for the sake of his office, and thereby stands before us—in eternity, as his life and ministry on earth—in the Name and stead of Christ Jesus, our Lord. We give thanks to God for calling and sending Simon, along with Jude and all the apostles, to preach and teach the Holy Gospel, to proclaim repentance and forgiveness, and to baptize in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit (John 4:1-2; Matthew 10: 28:16-20; Luke .24: 46-49).

Jude appears in John’s Gospel (14:22) on the night of our Lord’s betrayal and the beginning of His Passion, asking Jesus how it is that He will manifest Himself to the disciples but not to the world. The answer that Jesus gives to this question is a pertinent emphasis for this festival day: “If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word, and My Father will love him, and We will come to him and make Our home with him” (John 14:23). Surely both Jude and Simon exemplified, in life and death, their love for Jesus and their faith in His Word. Not only are we thus strengthened in our Christian faith and life by their example, but, above all, we are encouraged by the faithfulness of the Lord in keeping His promise to them to bring them home to Himself in heaven. There they live with Him forever, where we shall someday join them.

(From The Treasury of Daily Prayer, Concordia Publishing House)


  • for the obscure and the forgotten and the unknown in the work of the Church
  • for the gift of holiness, which is the creation and gift of God
  • for faithful continuation of the apostles’ preaching of the Gospel to all the world
Reflection: The Prayer of the Day above speaks of the “glorious company of the apostles” but of course by any worldly standard they were not glorious.  As the apostle Paul wrote to the Corinthians, We have become, and are still, like the scum of the world, the refuse of all things.” (1 Corinthians 4: 13)  Not exactly a job recruitment pitch for the apostolic Church, unlike the ‘ministries’ we see wearily promoted on TV. Simon and Jude have no extant writings, scant mention in the Bible, no founders  of  ‘great’ ministries,  but the Lord called them to the one holy, catholic and evangelical Ministry.  Their glory, like ours, is a borrowed one, a given one, one given to sinners: the love and mercy of Jesus Christ which by the Lord, the Holy Spirit, in prayer,  we can make known as glory in clay jars (see 2 Corinthians 4:6-8)
It is Pr. Dietrich Bonhoeffer who provides a good commentary on the Apostles Simon and Jude and the apostolic Church from his book, The Cost of Discipleship, in this reflection on the Beatitude from St. Matthew 5.  Remember and note:  everything Bonhoeffer wrote was in the time in Germany of the rise of Nazism and the descent into darkness, yet most in Germany thought this was ‘light’ and ‘goodness’, the Nazis put men back to work, Germans were feeling good about Germany again and the like.  I am patriotic but we do not worship our country.  I find Pr. Bonhoeffer’s  writings prescient in that they are so relevant and close to the bone in our day.   Simon and Jude did not follow the world, nor a Church in captivity to the world, but held captive to the Word of God, Jesus Christ and so also free.  Today is also Reformation Sunday, Luther and the Reformers and many who heard the Gospel clearly preached, also did not follow a worldly church and worldly doctrine:

“Blessed are they that mourn, for they shall be comforted.” With each beatitude the gulf is widened between the disciples and the people, their call to come forth from the people becomes increasingly manifest. By “mourning” Jesus, of course, means doing without what the world calls peace and prosperity: He means refusing to be in tune with the world or to accommodate  oneself to its standards. Such men mourn for the world, for its guilt, its fate and its fortune. While the world keeps holiday they stand aside, and while the world sings, “Gather ye rose-buds while ye may,” they mourn. They see that  for all jollity on board, the ship is beginning to sink. The world dreams of progress, of power and of the future, but the disciples meditate on the end, the last judgement, and the coming of the kingdom. To such heights the world cannot rise.

A blessed feast day to all in the Lord!

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Almighty God, the apostle Paul taught us to praise You in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs. We thank You this day for those who have given to Your Church great hymns, especially Your servants Philipp Nicolai, Johann Heermann, and Paul Gerhardt. May Your Church never lack hymnwriters who through their words and music give You praise. Fill us with the desire to praise and thank You for Your great goodness; through Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Bio: Philipp Nicolai (1556–1608) was a pastor in Germany during the Great Plague, which took the lives of 1,300 of his parishioners during a sixth-month period. In addition to his heroic pastoral ministry during that time of stress and sorrow, he wrote the texts for “Wake, Awake, for Night Is Flying” and “O Morning Star, How Fair and Bright,” known, respectively, as the king and queen of the Lutheran chorales. Johann Heermann (1585–1647), also a German pastor, suffered from poor health as well as from the ravages of the Thirty Years’ War (1618–1648). His hymn texts are noted for their tenderness and depth of feeling. Paul Gerhardt (1607–1676) was another Lutheran pastor who endured the horrors of the Thirty Years’ War. By 1668 he lost his pastoral position in Berlin (for refusing to compromise his Lutheran convictions), and endured the death of four of his five children and his wife. He nevertheless managed to write 133 hymns, all of which reflect his firm faith. Along with Martin Luther he is regarded as one of Lutheranism’s finest hymn writers.

(From The Treasury of Daily Prayer, Concordia Publishing House)

Reflection:  The last fad in congregational music was “Christian music”.  My response was, Yes, I love Christian music,written and composed by Heerman, Nicolai and Gerhardt!  On this day we sing to the Lord in the words and music by the 3 great Lutheran hymn writers commemorated  and it is all thoroughgoing Christian and Biblical music.

Now the latest buzz phrase has been: “praise songs”.  Both my wife and a colleague  responded to “praise songs”:   ‘We sing praise music every Sunday!”  Listen to the hymns below!  As friend and colleague once would say:  “Lutheran hymnody is my glossasalia.” Just think: these hymn writers and pastors were probably not paid a cent for their hymns, fought false doctrine  and disease and the devil, and in the midst of all that, in the Lord they had joy to sing and pray and write hymns.

The other criticism is that Lutheran hymnody is not personal enough and expressive of ‘my’ feelings.  Can anyone, if you will, top, the sheer intimacy, poetry and passion of Paul Gerhardt in O Sacred Head, Now Wounded?

What language shall I borrow
To thank Thee, dearest Friend,
For this, Thy dying sorrow,
Thy pity without end?
Oh, make me thine forever!
And should I fainting be,
Lord, let me never, never,
Outlive my love for Thee.

What sustained these men through such turmoil?  The rock of salvation, Jesus Christ.  Faith can only have something or someone to seize for salvation and this is the justification of the sinner by Christ’s Atonement, once and for all from the Cross, preached and taught into our ears and hearts, by sermons, yes!  But also by hymnody.  In the Service Book and Hymnal (1958), the former worship book of the ELCA’s predecessor Lutheran denominations,  the forward states that they wanted the hymns to be more “devotional” and have a less of  a “didactic” content.  They were so wrong!  The didactic or teaching content of Lutheran hymnody is so important because it is the objective Word of God written in Scripture sung in words and music. Consider “Wake, Awake, for Night is Flying”:  this hymn is the Parable of the Foolish and Wise Virgins (Matthew 25: 1-13) set to music. It is usually sung in Advent, pointing to the time on earth when the Bridegroom arrived and the time to come when those who are eager for His appearing, He will come again.  It is didactic and so instructional.  Dispensationalist and millenialist false doctrine is shown for what it is in that magnificent hymn of Scripture by the true and correct doctrine of our Lord’s parousia, in Scripture, correctly taught.  At Concordia Junior College, I took a one credit course on hymnody.  Professor “Ollie” Rupprecht pointed out that J.S. Bach had some 80 volumes in his library (quite an expensive acquisition in that day) and 60 volumes were on Lutheran Doctrine. This doctrine has been derided as too “sterile”.  It is not.  Like Jack Webb in Dragnet said: “The facts, ma’am, just the facts.” The objective justification by the life, word and work of Jesus Christ is the reason to sing.

We give thanks to the Lord, the Conductor of the  “choir immortal” (from “Wake, Awake”),   for all church organists (underpaid and being squeezed out by contemporary worship), church musicians, choirs and the Lord’s people who sing their praise of their Lord through hymns replete with the Scripture, that is, the Word of God and so the Holy Spirit.  Pray for your organist, choir director, choir members and church musicians in petition and  praise to the Lord and tell them all this  Sunday:  thanks!

Philip Nicolai:

Johann Heerman:

Paul Gerhardt:

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Historical Introduction:  When Fr. Johan Tetzel, a Dominican monk began selling indulgences across the river from Saxony in another electorate (Elector Frederick of Saxony, Luther’s prince, would not let Tetzel into Saxony because Frederick want to keep the Saxons’ money in Saxony), Luther was outraged.  By 1517, Luther knew from God’s Word, the Scripture, that we are saved by grace, through faith in Jesus Christ and indulgences were trying to selling the Gospel for a price:

 67. The indulgences which the preachers cry as the “greatest graces” are known to be truly such, in so far as they promote gain.

68. Yet they are in truth the very smallest graces compared with the grace of God and the piety of the Cross.

Dr. Luther  wanted a debate on indulgences, and so he wrote in Latin, 95 Theses for academic debate.  He chose October 31st, in 1517, to post them on the doorof the Castle Church for two reasons:  1) Everyone would be coming to Mass the next day because it was All Saints Day;  2) The door of a church in a medieval town was like a bulletin board for announcements. (BTW: Luther was a campus minister!)  Luther had no intention for the peasants to read them because they simply  could not read.

The 95 Theses by Dr. Martin Luther

Out of love for the truth and the desire to bring it to light, the following propositions will be discussed at Wittenberg, under the presidency of the Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and of Sacred Theology, and Lecturer in Ordinary on the same at that place. Wherefore he requests that those who are unable to be present and debate orally with us, may do so by letter.

In the Name our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen.

1. Our Lord and Master Jesus Christ, when He said Poenitentiam agite, willed that the whole life of believers should be repentance.

2. This word cannot be understood to mean sacramental penance, i.e., confession and satisfaction, which is administered by the priests.

3. Yet it means not inward repentance only; nay, there is no inward repentance which does not outwardly work divers mortifications of the flesh.

4. The penalty [of sin], therefore, continues so long as hatred of self continues; for this is the true inward repentance, and continues until our entrance into the kingdom of heaven.

5. The pope does not intend to remit, and cannot remit any penalties other than those which he has imposed either by his own authority or by that of the Canons.

6. The pope cannot remit any guilt, except by declaring that it has been remitted by God and by assenting to God’s remission; though, to be sure, he may grant remission in cases reserved to his judgment. If his right to grant remission in such cases were despised, the guilt would remain entirely unforgiven.

7. God remits guilt to no one whom He does not, at the same time, humble in all things and bring into subjection to His vicar, the priest.

8. The penitential canons are imposed only on the living, and, according to them, nothing should be imposed on the dying.

9. Therefore the Holy Spirit in the pope is kind to us, because in his decrees he always makes exception of the article of death and of necessity.

10. Ignorant and wicked are the doings of those priests who, in the case of the dying, reserve canonical penances for purgatory.

11. This changing of the canonical penalty to the penalty of purgatory is quite evidently one of the tares that were sown while the bishops slept.

12. In former times the canonical penalties were imposed not after, but before absolution, as tests of true contrition.

13. The dying are freed by death from all penalties; they are already dead to canonical rules, and have a right to be released from them.

14. The imperfect health [of soul], that is to say, the imperfect love, of the dying brings with it, of necessity, great fear; and the smaller the love, the greater is the fear.

15. This fear and horror is sufficient of itself alone (to say nothing of other things) to constitute the penalty of purgatory, since it is very near to the horror of despair.

16. Hell, purgatory, and heaven seem to differ as do despair, almost-despair, and the assurance of safety.

17. With souls in purgatory it seems necessary that horror should grow less and love increase.

18. It seems unproved, either by reason or Scripture, that they are outside the state of merit, that is to say, of increasing love.

19. Again, it seems unproved that they, or at least that all of them, are certain or assured of their own blessedness, though we may be quite certain of it.

20. Therefore by “full remission of all penalties” the pope means not actually “of all,” but only of those imposed by himself.

21. Therefore those preachers of indulgences are in error, who say that by the pope’s indulgences a man is freed from every penalty, and saved;

22. Whereas he remits to souls in purgatory no penalty which, according to the canons, they would have had to pay in this life.

23. If it is at all possible to grant to any one the remission of all penalties whatsoever, it is certain that this remission can be granted only to the most perfect, that is, to the very fewest.

24. It must needs be, therefore, that the greater part of the people are deceived by that indiscriminate and highsounding promise of release from penalty.

25. The power which the pope has, in a general way, over purgatory, is just like the power which any bishop or curate has, in a special way, within his own diocese or parish.

26. The pope does well when he grants remission to souls [in purgatory], not by the power of the keys (which he does not possess), but by way of intercession.

27. They preach man who say that so soon as the penny jingles into the money-box, the soul flies out [of purgatory].

28. It is certain that when the penny jingles into the money-box, gain and avarice can be increased, but the result of the intercession of the Church is in the power of God alone.

29. Who knows whether all the souls in purgatory wish to be bought out of it, as in the legend of Sts. Severinus and Paschal.

30. No one is sure that his own contrition is sincere; much less that he has attained full remission.

31. Rare as is the man that is truly penitent, so rare is also the man who truly buys indulgences, i.e., such men are most rare.

32. They will be condemned eternally, together with their teachers, who believe themselves sure of their salvation because they have letters of pardon.

33. Men must be on their guard against those who say that the pope’s pardons are that inestimable gift of God by which man is reconciled to Him;

34. For these “graces of pardon” concern only the penalties of sacramental satisfaction, and these are appointed by man.

35. They preach no Christian doctrine who teach that contrition is not necessary in those who intend to buy souls out of purgatory or to buy confessionalia.

36. Every truly repentant Christian has a right to full remission of penalty and guilt, even without letters of pardon.

37. Every true Christian, whether living or dead, has part in all the blessings of Christ and the Church; and this is granted him by God, even without letters of pardon.

38. Nevertheless, the remission and participation [in the blessings of the Church] which are granted by the pope are in no way to be despised, for they are, as I have said, the declaration of divine remission.

39. It is most difficult, even for the very keenest theologians, at one and the same time to commend to the people the abundance of pardons and [the need of] true contrition.

40. True contrition seeks and loves penalties, but liberal pardons only relax penalties and cause them to be hated, or at least, furnish an occasion [for hating them].

41. Apostolic pardons are to be preached with caution, lest the people may falsely think them preferable to other good works of love.

42. Christians are to be taught that the pope does not intend the buying of pardons to be compared in any way to works of mercy.

43. Christians are to be taught that he who gives to the poor or lends to the needy does a better work than buying pardons;

44. Because love grows by works of love, and man becomes better; but by pardons man does not grow better, only more free from penalty.

45. 45. Christians are to be taught that he who sees a man in need, and passes him by, and gives [his money] for pardons, purchases not theindulgences of the pope, but the indignation of God.

46. Christians are to be taught that unless they have more than they need, they are bound to keep back what is necessary for their own families, and by no means to squander it on pardons.

47. Christians are to be taught that the buying of pardons is a matter of free will, and not of commandment.

48. Christians are to be taught that the pope, in granting pardons, needs, and therefore desires, their devout prayer for him more than the money they bring.

49. Christians are to be taught that the pope’s pardons are useful, if they do not put their trust in them; but altogether harmful, if through them they lose their fear of God.

50. Christians are to be taught that if the pope knew the exactions of the pardon-preachers, he would rather that St. Peter’s church should go to ashes, than that it should be built up with the skin, flesh and bones of his sheep.

51. Christians are to be taught that it would be the pope’s wish, as it is his duty, to give of his own money to very many of those from whom certain hawkers of pardons cajole money, even though the church of St. Peter might have to be sold.

52. The assurance of salvation by letters of pardon is vain, even though the commissary, nay, even though the pope himself, were to stake his soul upon it.

53. They are enemies of Christ and of the pope, who bid the Word of God be altogether silent in some Churches, in order that pardons may be preached in others.

54. Injury is done the Word of God when, in the same sermon, an equal or a longer time is spent on pardons than on this Word.

55. It must be the intention of the pope that if pardons, which are a very small thing, are celebrated with one bell, with single processions and ceremonies, then the Gospel, which is the very greatest thing, should be preached with a hundred bells, a hundred processions, a hundred ceremonies.

56. The “treasures of the Church,” out of which the pope. grants indulgences, are not sufficiently named or known among the people of Christ.

57. That they are not temporal treasures is certainly evident, for many of the vendors do not pour out such treasures so easily, but only gather them.

58. Nor are they the merits of Christ and the Saints, for even without the pope, these always work grace for the inner man, and the cross, death, and hell for the outward man.

59. St. Lawrence said that the treasures of the Church were the Church’s poor, but he spoke according to the usage of the word in his own time.

60. Without rashness we say that the keys of the Church, given by Christ’s merit, are that treasure;

61. For it is clear that for the remission of penalties and of reserved cases, the power of the pope is of itself sufficient.

62. The true treasure of the Church is the Most Holy Gospel of the glory and the grace of God.

63. But this treasure is naturally most odious, for it makes the first to be last.

64. On the other hand, the treasure of indulgences is naturally most acceptable, for it makes the last to be first.

65. Therefore the treasures of the Gospel are nets with which they formerly were wont to fish for men of riches.

66. The treasures of the indulgences are nets with which they now fish for the riches of men.

67. The indulgences which the preachers cry as the “greatest graces” are known to be truly such, in so far as they promote gain.

68. Yet they are in truth the very smallest graces compared with the grace of God and the piety of the Cross.

69. Bishops and curates are bound to admit the commissaries of apostolic pardons, with all reverence.

70. But still more are they bound to strain all their eyes and attend with all their ears, lest these men preach their own dreams instead of the commission of the pope.

71. He who speaks against the truth of apostolic pardons, let him be anathema and accursed!

72. But he who guards against the lust and license of the pardon-preachers, let him be blessed!

73. The pope justly thunders against those who, by any art, contrive the injury of the traffic in pardons.

74. But much more does he intend to thunder against those who use the pretext of pardons to contrive the injury of holy love and truth.

75. To think the papal pardons so great that they could absolve a man even if he had committed an impossible sin and violated the Mother of God — this is madness.

76. We say, on the contrary, that the papal pardons are not able to remove the very least of venial sins, so far as its guilt is concerned.

77. It is said that even St. Peter, if he were now Pope, could not bestow greater graces; this is blasphemy against St. Peter and against the pope.

78. We say, on the contrary, that even the present pope, and any pope at all, has greater graces at his disposal; to wit, the Gospel, powers, gifts of healing, etc., as it is written in I. Corinthians xii.

79. To say that the cross, emblazoned with the papal arms, which is set up [by the preachers of indulgences], is of equal worth with the Cross of Christ, is blasphemy.

80. The bishops, curates and theologians who allow such talk to be spread among the people, will have an account to render.

81. This unbridled preaching of pardons makes it no easy matter, even for learned men, to rescue the reverence due to the pope from slander, or even from the shrewd questionings of the laity.

82. To wit: — “Why does not the pope empty purgatory, for the sake of holy love and of the dire need of the souls that are there, if he redeems an infinite number of souls for the sake of miserable money with which to build a Church? The former reasons would be most just; the latter is most trivial.”

83. Again: — “Why are mortuary and anniversary masses for the dead continued, and why does he not return or permit the withdrawal of the endowments founded on their behalf, since it is wrong to pray for the redeemed?”

84. Again: — “What is this new piety of God and the pope, that for money they allow a man who is impious and their enemy to buy out of purgatory the pious soul of a friend of God, and do not rather, because of that pious and beloved soul’s own need, free it for pure love’s sake?”

85. Again: — “Why are the penitential canons long since in actual fact and through disuse abrogated and dead, now satisfied by the granting ofindulgences, as though they were still alive and in force?”

86. Again: — “Why does not the pope, whose wealth is to-day greater than the riches of the richest, build just this one church of St. Peter with his own money, rather than with the money of poor believers?”

87. Again: — “What is it that the pope remits, and what participation does he grant to those who, by perfect contrition, have a right to full remission and participation?”

88. Again: — “What greater blessing could come to the Church than if the pope were to do a hundred times a day what he now does once, and bestow on every believer these remissions and participations?”

89. “Since the pope, by his pardons, seeks the salvation of souls rather than money, why does he suspend the indulgences and pardons granted heretofore, since these have equal efficacy?”

90. To repress these arguments and scruples of the laity by force alone, and not to resolve them by giving reasons, is to expose the Church and the pope to the ridicule of their enemies, and to make Christians unhappy.

91. If, therefore, pardons were preached according to the spirit and mind of the pope, all these doubts would be readily resolved; nay, they would not exist.

92. Away, then, with all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, “Peace, peace,” and there is no peace!

93. Blessed be all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, “Cross, cross,” and there is no cross!

94. Christians are to be exhorted that they be diligent in following Christ, their Head, through penalties, deaths, and hell;

95. And thus be confident of entering into heaven rather through many tribulations, than through the assurance of peace.

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Lessons:  Acts 16: 11-40;  Acts 9: 36-43;  Romans 16: 1-2

 “These women were exemplary Christians who demonstrated their faith by their material support of the Church. Dorcas (also known as Tabitha) was well-known and much loved for her acts of charity in the city of Joppa, especially for her making clothes for the poor. When Dorcas died suddenly, the members of her congregation sent to the neighboring city of Lydda for the Apostle Peter, who came and raised her from the dead (Acts 9:36–41). Lydia was a woman of Thyatira, who worked at Philippi selling a famous purple dye that was so much in demand in the ancient world. She was also a “worshiper of God” at the local synagogue. When the Apostle Paul encountered her in prayer among other proselyte women, his preaching of the Word brought Lydia to faith in Christ. She and her friends thus became the nucleus of the Christian community in Philippi (16:13–15, 40). Phoebe was another faithful woman associated with the Apostle Paul. She was a deaconess from Cenchrae (the port of Corinth) whom Paul sent to the church in Rome with his Epistle to the Romans. In it he writes of her support for the work of the early Church (Rom 16:1).” (From The Treasury of Daily Prayer)

One can say that in Christianity the extraordinary has become ordinary, but also the ordinary has become extraordinary, usual unusual, the common uncommon,that what all do has been transformed into priestly work and to a sacrifice that is offered to the most high God…. [T]he Lord Jesus was followed by a number of women whose names have come down to us. Kings are forgotten, emperors have fallen into the dust and there is no one to remember them; the names of these women, however, are still being mentioned. There are only a few things we know about them, and what is said seems insignificant to us. They made offerings  to the Son of Man from what they had …provided such little services, as he deserved before all others.  But because the common uncommon, thus these names are written in the Book of books.

…I said that because of Christianity uncommon has become common and the common uncommon the Spirit and the purpose and way it was done…. I point to Matthew 25. What does he say there by separating the sheep from the goats? Whom does he praise? Whom does He reproach? Whom does he call to inherit the kingdom of his Father? Does he call the heroes, who accomplished great things, the kings with their crowns and those who struck with their great swords and brought about great changes upon earth? What does He do? He names and praises the same common things that I have said Christianity has made uncommon. He says: “I was hungry” and so forth—”come, you blessed of my Father” (Mt 25:34)…. Thus, he asks for the food, for the drink, for the gift of oil and wine. He asks for all these common things, which I have said have become uncommon through his Spirit.—J. K. Wilhelm Loehe  (From The Treasury of Daily Prayer, Concordia Publishing House)

One More Reflection:  Do great things.  America will be number one again.  Be a winner.  This is the way the world thinks and we do as well.  Serving is not natural, that is, according to fallen human nature which is self-centered and ego driven. When I re-read Pr. Loehe’s reflection above, this is not the Christianity I want. I want successful and powerful Christianity especially in our mission here.  I think all the lamentation that “America is no longer a Christian nation” is the lament over lost power.  The Church had no political power and authority when Dorcas, Lydia and Phoebe lived upon this old earth.  The Church did have power, though:  the Word and Deed of Jesus Christ in the lives of His faithful people.  Kings and the mighty change the world according to their will and things get worse. They make news but it is really as “old as Adam”.  The faithful women did good things in Faith and things were better, you know, salt of the earth, and people believed in the Lord.  We think our smartphones are just wonderful and adorable, the gadgets of power and we listen to them.  We need to listen to our Lord in His Word Who alone can change our souls day by day  to love as He first loved us.  

Prayer of the Day

Almighty God, You stirred to compassion the hearts of Your dear servants Dorcas, Lydia, and Phoebe to uphold and sustain Your Church by their devoted and charitable deeds. Give us the same will to love You, open our eyes to see You in the least ones, and strengthen our hands to serve You in others, for the sake of Your Son, Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.

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Martin Luther’s works translated into English encompass 55 volumes.  The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, and Concordia Publishing House,  is currently publishing and translating more volumes.  Dr. Luther somewhere said that all of all he wrote, he thought the only two books  worth keeping were The Bondage of the Will and The Small Catechism

Five of the six Chief Parts of the Catechism has this  encouragement: 

As the head of the family should teach it in a simple way to his household

Luther wrote this for pastors and congregations for the pastors to put them into the hands of the head of the family, normally, a father.  He wrote that a Father and Mother are the Bishop and Bishopess to their children.  Today at a Pastors’ Bible study, we noted that it is our experience,  parents who read the Bible to their children, pray daily at one common meal, speak about the Faith, etc. usually have children who stay in Church. Many Christian families home-school but every Christian family needs to home-church.  This is more urgent in these dark days because the culture is no longer even neutral to the Church. What Luther wrote was a summing up of Christian doctrine in the Bible.  What Luther wrote is an excellent resource for families. What Luther wrote reiterates what the Church has known and taught already.  As in this exhortation and warning from St. John Chrysostom (died +14 September, 437):

Concern for spiritual things will unite the family…Don’t think that it isn’t necessary for a child to listen to the Scriptures; the first think he will hear from them will be, “Honor your father and your mother,” and immediately you will begin to reap your reward.  Don’t say, “Bible reading is for monks; am I turning my child into a monk?”  No!  It isn’t necessary for him to be a monk.   Make him into a Christian!  Why are you afraid of something so good?  It is necessary for everyone to know Scriptural teachings and this especially true for children.  Even at their age they are exposed to all sorts of folly and bad examples from popular entertainments.  Our children need remedies for all these things!  We are so concerned with our children’s schooling; if only we equally zealous in bringing them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord!  

Let us pray…Almighty God, heavenly Father, You have blessed us with the joy and care of children. give calm strength and patient wisdom that, as they grown in years, we may to teach to love whatever is just and true and good, following the example of our Savior, Jesus Christ, our Lord. 

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